Asmara Eritrea History
Asmara, the Eritrean capital, could easily be imagined as an Italian-built colonial city, but its origins date back to the late 19th century. Eritrea's capital and most of its territory are located in the north-south, in the highlands known as the "Eritrean Highlands" or, more broadly, the "Eritrean Highlands." The Ethiopian highlands. As Ethiopia developed and its northern provinces developed, it became a province of Ethiopia, administered by a governor known as Bahr - Nagash.
The Italian presence in Eritrea increased rapidly in 1935, when Massawa was part of a force assembled for invasion of Ethiopia. Asmara airport became a key point in the conflict, as Ethiopians used it to obtain weapons and supplies from outside supporters. British and Ethiopian troops inflicted the final defeat on the Italians in East Africa when they invaded Addis Ababa in May. Ethiopia brought back the temporary administration that the British had provided to Eritrea.
As the colonial archives show, there have been repeated raids on the Ethiopian side, but under Mengistu Dergue the beginning of the end of 1987 was when the Eritrean guerrilla (EPLF) was able to advance from Nakfa to the south into the highlands of Ethiopia. As Ruth Iyob, writing shortly before hostilities with Ethiopia broke out, "Eritrea began to develop into a political, economic, and military power in East Africa in the mid-nineteenth century. The Italian colonial strategy, 13 religions were an important element of their strategy: Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
British troops occupied the territory in 1941, and Eritrea's struggle for independence began. In December 1952, the United Nations finally declared it an autonomous entity, federated with Ethiopia, and transformed it into an independent state with its own parliament, parliamentarians and government. However, at least until the 1960 "s, when the Eritrean civil war and its aftermath began, the vote was taken to make it a federal part of Ethiopia and to annex it to Ethiopia ten years later. As a result of the war and refugee crisis in Ethiopia in the mid-1960 "s and early 1970" s (and even after it ended), Ethiopia has been one of the most important countries of origin for refugees since the 1980 "s.
In the subsequent Treaty of Addis Ababa, Italy waived all claims against Ethiopia, while Menelik affirmed its control over Eritrea. Italy's loss was an asset to Eritrea, but it has been a troubled path for the East African nation for years, and it is a path that crosses the troubled paths between East African nations.
Italian colonialism offered him the opportunity to play a decisive role in the region without encountering strong organized resistance. But this does not explain Eritrea's lack of political and economic development in the years after the end of Italian colonial rule. It is a colonial system that deliberately and brutally thwarted Eritrea's aspirations, while at the same time fighting against attempts by the local elite to bridge the gap between the colonial and postcolonial eras. The Ottoman-inspired old Massawa in Eritrea is visited by very few tourists, and there is little evidence of a local political elite or any local elite capable of bridging the colonial to post-colonial eras.
In the period before the Italian invasion of Ethiopia, education was rapidly expanded, and the incorporation of Tigray into Eritrea led to the opening of new schools in the region. The first secondary schools were opened in 1924 in Asmara, the capital of the Eritrean Empire at the time. This forms the basis for the subsequent intensive development of As mara. Education was given a higher priority, with the Ethiopian government clearly influencing the decision.
In 1941, the British expelled Italy from Eritrea and ruled Asmara, administering the area as a protectorate for a decade. Italy's "African dream," however, was short-lived, and in 1941, the British, led by Prime Minister Sir John F. Kennedy, drove the Italians out. Ethiopian troops forced the parliament to dissolve itself, and the emperor officially annexed it as the fourteenth province of Ethiopia. The war was broken off, however, and Menghistu fled Ethiopia in May 1991, but his government was later replaced by the Ethiopian People's Liberation Front (EPLF) and the Democratic Party of Ethiopia, thereby gaining control of the country's capital and much of its territory. In May 1992, after three years of civil war and a series of coups d'etats, the E PLF claimed Eritrea.
The State of Eritrea was immediately recognised by the UN Security Council and the United Nations General Assembly, as well as by the International Criminal Court.
Asmara became part of the Italian African Empire, which also included Libya, Somalia and Ethiopia. In 1885 Massawa became the capital of the Eritrean Empire and the centre of Italy's efforts to expand inland. Within five years, Italy declared the newly acquired territory Eritrea and became a member of its African Empire.